Boston Red Sox

Boston Red Sox  

Red Sox Timeline


Boston Americans Team Formation

In 1901, the minor Western League, led by Ban Johnson, declared its equality with the National League, then the only major league in baseball. Johnson changed the name of the league to the American League, leading teams in his league to be christened with the unofficial nickname "Americans". This was especially true in the case of the new Boston franchise, which would not adopt an official nickname until 1908.

Sale of Babe Ruth

On December 26, 1919, Frazee sold Babe Ruth, who had played the previous six seasons for the Red Sox, to the rival New York Yankees (Ruth had just broken the single-season home run record, hitting 29 in 1919.) Legend has it that Frazee did so in order to finance the Broadway play No, No, Nanette. That play did not actually open on Broadway until 1925, but as Leigh Montville discovered during research for his book, The Big Bam: The Life and Times of Babe Ruth, No, No, Nanette had originated as a non-musical stage play called My Lady Friends, which opened on Broadway in December 1919. My Lady Friends had, indeed, been financed by the Ruth sale to the Yankees.

Tom Yawkey Ownership

Four days after his 30th birthday, Yawkey bought the Red Sox for $1.2 million on the advice of his longtime friend, former A's second baseman and superstar hitter Eddie Collins. The Red Sox had been the dregs of the American League for more than a decade since the infamous Babe Ruth sale to the Yankees by former owner Harry Frazee before the 1920 season, and had just come off a dreadful 111-loss season in 1932 which is still the worst in franchise history. Yawkey hired Collins as general manager with instructions to buy up as much talent as possible to turn the team around. He also heavily renovated Fenway Park, which had fallen into disrepair over the years. Yawkey devoted his time and finances for the rest of his life to building winning teams. His teams' best seasons occurred in 1946, 1967 & 1975, when the Red Sox captured the American League pennant but then went on to lose each World Series in seven games, against the St. Louis Cardinals in (1946 & 1967) and the Cincinnati Reds in (1975). He would never achieve his ultimate goal of winning a world championship.

John Henry New Owner

In 2002, the Red Sox were sold by Yawkey trustee and president Harrington to New England Sports Ventures, a consortium headed by principal owner John Henry. Tom Werner served as executive chairman, Larry Lucchino served as president and CEO, and serving as vice chairman was Les Otten. Dan Duquette was fired as GM of the club on February 28, with former Angels GM Mike Port taking the helm for the 2002 season. A week later, manager Joe Kerrigan was fired and was replaced by Grady Little.

World Series Winners - 8 World Series Wins

World Series - 2013
The 2013 World Series was the 109th edition of Major League Baseball's championship series. The American League champion Boston Red Sox defeated the National League champion St. Louis Cardinals in the best-of-seven playoff four games to two. The Red Sox had home field advantage for the series, based on the American League's win in the All-Star Game at Citi Field in Queens, New York, on July 16. The Series started on Wednesday, October 23, ending on Game 6 the following Wednesday, October 30, 2013.

World Series - 2007
The 2007 World Series, the 103rd edition of Major League Baseball's championship series, began on Wednesday, October 24 and ended on Sunday, October 28. It featured the National League champion Colorado Rockies making their first World Series appearance and the American League champion Boston Red Sox. The Red Sox won the Series in four games, sweeping the Rockies to collect their second World Series championship in four seasons and their seventh overall; it also marked the third sweep in four years by the AL champion.

World Series - 2004
The 2004 World Series was Major League Baseball's (MLB) championship series for the 2004 season. It was the 100th World Series and featured the American League (AL) champions, the Boston Red Sox, against the National League (NL) champions, the St. Louis Cardinals. The Red Sox defeated the Cardinals four games to none in the best-of-seven series, played at Fenway Park and Busch Memorial Stadium. The series was played between October 23 and 27, 2004, broadcast on Fox, and watched by an average of just under 25.5 million viewers.

World Series - 1918
The 1918 World Series featured the Boston Red Sox, who defeated the Chicago Cubs four games to two. The Series victory for the Red Sox was their fifth in five tries, going back to 1903. The Red Sox scored only nine runs in the entire Series; the fewest runs by the winning team in World Series history. Along with the 1906 and 1907 World Series, the 1918 World Series is one of only three Fall Classics where neither team hit a home run.

World Series - 1916
In the 1916 World Series, the Boston Red Sox beat the Brooklyn Robins (a.k.a. Dodgers) four games to one. Casey Stengel shone on offense for the Robins in the 1916 Series but the Red Sox pitching core ultimately proved too much for the denizens of Flatbush. The Sox's Babe Ruth pitched thirteen shutout innings in Game 2, starting a consecutive scoreless innings streak that would reach 29 in 1918. As with the 1915 Series, the Red Sox played their home games at the larger Braves Field, and it paid off as they drew a then-record 42,620 people for the final game.

World Series - 1915
In the 1915 World Series, the Boston Red Sox beat the Philadelphia Phillies four games to one. In their only World Series before 1950, the Phillies won Game 1 before being swept the rest of the way. It was 65 years before the Phillies won their next Series game. The Red Sox pitching was so strong in the 1915 series that the young Babe Ruth was not used on the mound and only made a single pinch-hitting appearance.

World Series - 1912
In the 1912 World Series, the Boston Red Sox beat the New York Giants four games to three (with one tie).

World Series - 1903
The 1903 World Series was the first modern World Series to be played in Major League Baseball. It matched the Boston Americans of the American League against the Pittsburgh Pirates of the National League in a best-of-nine series, with Boston prevailing five games to three, winning the last four.

Red Sox Primary Logo History Red Sox Alternate Logo History No Wordmark Logo History


Team Information Team History


Red Sox - The name Red Sox, chosen by owner John I. Taylor after the 1907 season, refers to the red hose in the team uniform beginning 1908.

In 1907, the National League club adopted an all-white uniform, and the American League team saw an opportunity. On December 18, 1907, Taylor announced that the club had officially adopted red as its new team color. The 1908 uniforms featured a large icon of a red stocking angling across the shirt front. For 1908, the National League club returned to wearing red trim, but the American League team finally had an official nickname, and would remain the "Red Sox" for good.

Fenway Park
1912 - present
Huntington Avenue Grounds
1901 - 1911

Fenway Sports Group
2002 - present
JRY Trust
1992 - 2002
Jean R. Yawkey
1976 - 1992
Tom Yawkey
1933 - 1976
Bob Quinn
1923 - 1933
Harry Frazee
1916 - 1923
Joseph Lannin
1913 - 1916
Jimmy McAleer
1911 - 1913
John I. Taylor
1904 - 1914

Henry Killilea
1903 - 1904
Charles Somers
1901 - 1903

Established: 1901

League History:
Major League Baseball
2000 - present
American League
1901 - 1999

Team History:
Boston Red Sox
1908 - present

Boston Americans
1901 - 1907

World Series: 8
2013, 2007, 2004, 1918, 1916, 1915, 1912, 1903

Retired Numbers:
1 Bobby Doerr
4 Joe Cronin
6 Johnny Pesky
8 Carl Yastrzemski
9 Ted Williams
14 Jim Rice
26 Wade Boggs
27 Carlton Fisk
42 Jackie Robinson
45 Pedro Martínez

Mascots: 1997 - present

The Official Site of the Boston Red Sox

*Red is this team's history

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