The USFL United States Football League existed from 1982 to 1985 for three full seasons. Founded by David Dixon, from New Orleans, Louisiana, the USFL announced its formation on May 11, 1982, at the 21 Club in New York City. Judge Peter Spivak, part owner of one of twelve teams, was announced as the president of the league, until the full-time commissioner could be found.
The United States Football League USFL was a spring/summer professional football league that attempted to take on the National Football League from 1983-1986. The league featured many future NFL stars, such as Herschel Walker, Jim Kelly and Steve Young, but was ultimately guilty at least in the minds of paying customers of not being the NFL.
The league was rumored to be in the works for several months, but was formally announced on March 11, 1982. The league also announced that teams from New York, Chicago, Detroit, Boston, San Francisco, Birmingham, Los Angeles, Tampa Bay and Philadelphia plus three other cities, later said to be Houston, San Diego and Phoenix would start play in March of 1983 and play a championship game the following July 4th, and that its first commissioner would be current president of ESPN, Chet Simmons.
During 1982 - 1985, the USFL fought a bitter war with the established National Football League the NFL for players, fans, and media attention. In July of 1986, with a month before the league was to begin its first fall campaign, the USFL won its suit against the NFL, but was awarded just one dollar in damages.
- Teams play in large NFL caliber stadiums
- Teams plan for large year 1 pre-season promotional budgets to introduce the team to the local market.
- A tight players' salary cap of $1.8 million per team. The NFL introduced a salary cap in 1994.
- A territorial draft, to better stock teams with familiar local collegiate stars to help the gate. (Similar to the proposed All-American Football League)