Los Angeles Dodgers

Los Angeles Dodgers

Dodgers Timeline


Brooklyn Team Formation and Many Nicknames

The Dodgers were originally founded in 1883 as the Brooklyn Atlantics, taking the name of a defunct team that had played in Brooklyn before them. The team joined the American Association in 1884 and won the AA championship in 1889 before joining the National League in 1890. They promptly won the NL Championship their first year in the League. The team was known alternatively as the Bridegrooms, Grooms, Superbas, Robins, and Trolley Dodgers before officially becoming the Dodgers in the 1930s.

Breaking the Color Barrier

For most of the first half of the 20th century, no Major League Baseball team employed a black player. A parallel system of Negro Leagues developed, but most of the Negro League players were denied a chance to prove their skill before a national audience. Jackie Robinson became the first African-American to play Major League baseball in the 20th Century when he played his first major league game on April 15, 1947 as a member of the Dodgers. Robinson's entry into the league was mainly due to General Manager Branch Rickey's efforts. The deeply religious Rickey's motivation appears to have been primarily moral, although business considerations were also present. Rickey was a member of The Methodist Church, the antecedent denomination to The United Methodist Church of today, which was a strong advocate for social justice and active later in the Civil Rights movement.

Negotiations for a New Stadium

Real estate businessman Walter O'Malley had acquired majority ownership of the Dodgers in 1950, when he bought the shares of his co-owners, Branch Rickey and the estate of the late John L. Smith. Before long he was working to buy new land in Brooklyn to build a more accessible and better arrayed ballpark than Ebbets Field. Beloved as it was, Ebbets Field had grown old and was not well served by infrastructure, to the point where the Dodgers could not sell the park out even in the heat of a pennant race despite largely dominating the league from 1946 to 1957. O'Malley was looking for a contingency in case Moses and other New York politicians refused to let him build the Brooklyn stadium he wanted, and sent word to the Los Angeles officials that he was interested in talking. Los Angeles offered him what New York would not: a chance to buy land suitable for building a ballpark, and own that ballpark, giving him complete control over all its revenue streams.

Move to California

The Dodgers were the first Major League Baseball team to ever play in Los Angeles. On April 18, 1958, the Dodgers played their first game in Los Angeles, defeating the former New York and now new San Francisco Giants, 6–5, before 78,672 fans at the Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum.

Opening of Dodger Stadium

The process of building Walter O'Malley's dream stadium soon began in semi rural Chavez Ravine, in the hills just north of downtown L.A. There was some political controversy, as the residents of the ravine, mostly Hispanic and mostly poor, resisted the eminent domain removal of their homes (land which had been previously condemned for a public housing project, Elysian Park Heights) and gained some public sympathy. Still, O'Malley and the city government were determined, and construction proceeded. The resistance of the residents against their removal was known as the Battle of Chavez Ravine. Construction on Dodger Stadium was completed in time for Opening Day 1962. With its clean, simple lines and its picturesque setting amid hills and palm trees, the ballpark quickly became an icon of the Dodgers and their new California lifestyle. O'Malley was determined that there would not be a bad seat in the house, achieving this by cantilevered grandstands that have since been widely imitated. More importantly for the team, the stadium's spacious dimensions, along with other factors, gave defense an advantage over offense and the Dodgers moved to take advantage of this by assembling a team that would excel with its pitching.

World Series Winners - 6 World Series Wins

World Series - 1988
The 1988 World Series matched the Oakland Athletics against the Los Angeles Dodgers, with the Dodgers upsetting the heavily favored A's to win the Series in five games (the exact opposite result of their 1974 meeting, which also went five games). The most memorable moment of the 1988 World Series occurred when injured Dodgers MVP Kirk Gibson, who could barely walk due to injuries suffered during the National League Championship Series, hit a pinch-hit, walk-off home run against Athletics closer Dennis Eckersley in Game 1.

World Series - 1981
The 1981 World Series matched the New York Yankees against the Los Angeles Dodgers, marking their third meeting in the Series in five years as well as a record eleventh Series meeting overall and last Series meeting to date. The Dodgers won the Series in a reversed carbon copy of last series meeting between these two teams which was 1978 in six games for their first title since 1965, and their first victory over the Yankees since 1963 and third over them overall.

World Series - 1965
The 1965 World Series featured the National League champion Los Angeles Dodgers against the American League champion Minnesota Twins, who had won their first pennant since 1933 when the team was known as the Washington Senators. The Dodgers prevailed in seven games to capture their second title in three years, and their third since moving to Los Angeles in 1958. The Twins would not reach the fall classic again until their championship season of 1987.

World Series - 1963
The 1963 World Series matched the two-time defending champion New York Yankees against the Los Angeles Dodgers, with the Dodgers sweeping the Series in four games to capture their second title in five years, and their third in franchise history.

World Series - 1959
The 1959 World Series featured the National League champion Los Angeles Dodgers beating the American League champion Chicago White Sox, four games to two. It was the first pennant for the White Sox in 40 years (since the 1919 Black Sox Scandal). It was the Dodgers' second World Series championship in five years, their first in Los Angeles, and marked the first Championship for a West Coast team.

World Series - 1955
The 1955 World Series matched the Brooklyn Dodgers against the New York Yankees, with the Dodgers winning the Series in seven games to capture their first championship in franchise history. It would be the only Series the Dodgers won in Brooklyn the team relocated to Los Angeles after the 1957 season.

Murdock New Owner

Nearly a half-century of unusual stability only two managers 1954 - 1996, owned by a single family 1950–1998 finally came to an end. After L.A. city officials rejected a proposal to bring an NFL stadium and franchise to Chavez Ravine in 1998, the O'Malley family sold the Dodgers to Rupert Murdoch's News Corporation, owner of the Fox network which also owns broadcast rights to MLB games and 20th Century Fox.

Guggenheim Baseball Management

On March 27, 2012, it was announced that an agreement had been reached on the sale of the Dodgers between Frank McCourt and Guggenheim Baseball Management LLC, a group of investors fronted by Guggenheim CEO Mark Walter and including former Los Angeles Lakers player Magic Johnson, baseball executive Stan Kasten and film mogul Peter Guber. The total sale price for the Dodgers (which includes Dodgers Stadium) exceeded $2 billion, making the sale the largest for a professional sports team in history, exceeding the approximately $1.5 billion purchase of Manchester United F.C. by Malcolm Glazer in 2005, On the same day, it was also announced that the members of the group will partner McCourt in purchasing the property surrounding the stadium. The sale price of the Dodgers was considered to be far higher than what the team was actually worth at the time of sale. Estimates made by Forbes placed the value of the Dodgers at approximately $1.4 billion, and the winning bid was more than 30% higher than the next highest bid. On April 13, the sale was approved by the bankruptcy court and it officially closed on May 1, 2012.

Dodgers Primary Logo History Dodgers Alternate Logo History No Wordmark Logo History


Team Information Team History

Brooklyn - Los Angeles

Dodgers - The name "Dodgers" started in Brooklyn. See the Brooklyn Dodgers nickname for the details.

Dodger Stadium
1962 - present
Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum
1958 - 1961

Ebbets Field
1913 - 1957
Washington Park II
1898 - 1912
Eastern Park
1899 - 1897

Guggenheim Baseball Partners
2012 - present
Frank McCourt
2005 - 2012
News Corporation
1998 - 2005
Peter O'Malley
1970 - 1997
Walter O'Malley
1950 - 1970

Branch Rickey, Walter O'Malley, Andrew J. Schmitz
1945 - 1950
Stephen McKeever, Brooklyn Trust Company
1925 - 1945
Charles Ebbets, Ed McKeever, Stephen McKeever
1912 - 1925
Charles Ebbets, Henry Medicus
1907 - 1912
Charles Ebbets, Ferdinand Abell, Henry Medicus, Ned Hanlon
1905 - 1906
Charles Ebbets, Ferdinand Abell, Harry Von der Horst, Ned Hanlon
1899 - 1904

Established: 1889

League History:
Major League Baseball
2000 - present
National League
1889 - 1999

Team History:
Los Angeles Dodgers
1958 - present

Brooklyn Dodgers
1932 - 1957
Brooklyn Robins
1914 - 1931
Brooklyn Trolley Dodgers
1911 - 1912
Brooklyn Superbas
1899 - 1910, 1913

World Series: 6
1988, 1981, 1965, 1963, 1959, 1955

Retired Numbers:
1 Pee Wee Reese
2 Tommy Lasorda
4 Duke Snider
19 Jim Gilliam
20 Don Sutton
24 Walter Alston
32 Sandy Koufax

39 Roy Campanella
42 Jackie Robinson
53 Don Drysdale

No Mascot

The Official Site of the Los Angeles Dodgers

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