Baltimore Orioles Team History
The Miles-Krieger (Gunther Brewing Company) – Hoffberger group renamed their new team the Baltimore Orioles soon after taking control of the franchise. The name has a rich history in Baltimore, having been used by a National League team in the 1890s. In 1901, Baltimore and McGraw were awarded an expansion franchise in the growing American League, naming the team the Orioles. The team was transferred to New York in 1903, becoming the New York Yankees. As a member of the high-minor league level International League, the Orioles competed at what is now known as the AAA level from 1903 to 1953. Their large postseason crowds at their temporary home, Municipal Stadium, caught the attention of the major leagues, leading to a new MLB franchise in Baltimore.
The 1966 World Series matched the Baltimore Orioles against the defending champion Los Angeles Dodgers, with the Orioles sweeping the Series in four games to capture their first championship in franchise history. It was also the last World Series played before MLB introduced the Commissioner’s Trophy the following year.
The 1970 World Series matched the American League champion Baltimore Orioles (108-54 in the regular season) against the National League champion Cincinnati Reds (102-60), with the Orioles winning in five games. This was the last World Series in which all games were played in the afternoon.
The 1983 World Series matched the American League champion Baltimore Orioles against the National League champion Philadelphia Phillies, with the Orioles winning four games to one. “The I-95 Series”, like the World Series two years later, also took its nickname from the interstate that the teams and fans traveled on, Interstate 95 in this case. This was the last World Series that Bowie Kuhn presided over as commissioner.
Opening to much fanfare in 1992, Oriole Park at Camden Yards was an instant success, spawning other retro-designed major league ballparks within the next two decades. The stadium became the site of the 1993 All-Star Game. The Orioles returned to contention in those first two seasons at Camden Yards, only to finish in third place both times.
Also in 1993, with then-owner Eli Jacobs forced to divest himself of the franchise, Baltimore-based attorney Peter Angelos was awarded the Orioles in bankruptcy court, returning the team to local ownership for the first time since 1979.
The Ripken countdown resumed once the season began. Ripken finally broke Lou Gehrig’s consecutive games streak of 2,130 games in a nationally televised game on September 6. This was later voted the all-time baseball moment of the 20th century by fans from around the country in 1999. Ripken finished his streak with 2,632 straight games, finally sitting on September 20, 1998, the Orioles final home game of the season against the Yankees at Camden Yards.
The Baltimore Orioles are an American professional baseball team based in Baltimore, Maryland. The Orioles compete in Major League Baseball (MLB) as a member of the American League (AL) East division. One of the AL’s eight charter franchises when the league was established in 1901 with President Ban Johnson, this particular franchise spent its first year as a major league club in Milwaukee, Wisconsin as the Milwaukee Brewers before moving to St. Louis, Missouri to become the St. Louis Browns. After 52 often-beleaguered years in St. Louis, the franchise was purchased in November 1953 by Baltimore business interests led by Clarence Miles. The franchise officially moved to Baltimore for the 1954 season and adopted the historic “Orioles” name in honor of the official state bird of Maryland. The Orioles name had also been used by several previous major and minor league baseball clubs in Baltimore, including the franchise that would eventually become the New York Yankees. Nicknames for the team include the “O’s” and the “Birds.”
Milwaukee – St. Louis – Baltimore
2000 – Present / Major League Baseball
1900 – 1999 / American League
1894 – 1900 / Western League
1954 – Present / Baltimore Orioles
1902 – 1953 / St. Louis Browns
1894 – 1901 / Milwaukee Brewers
Orioles – When the St. Louis Browns moved to Baltimore in 1954, the franchise was rebranded with the same nickname of the Baltimore team that dominated the old National League in the late 1890s. That team was named after the state bird of Maryland. The orange and black colors of the male Oriole bird resembled the colors on the coat of arms of Lord Baltimore.
World Series 3
1983, 1970, 1966
1992 – Present / Oriole Park at Camden Yards
1954 – 1991 / Memorial Stadium
1902 – 1953 / Sportsman’s Park
1895 – 1901 / Lloyd Street Grounds
1894 / Borchert Field
1993 – Present / Peter Angelos
1989 – 1993 / Eli Jacobs
1979 – 1988 / Edward Bennett Williams
1965 – 1979 / Jerold Hoffberger
1959 – 1965 / Jerold Hoffberger & Joe Iglehart
1955 – 1959 / Jerold Hoffberger & James Keelty
1954 – 1955 / Jerold Hoffberger & Clarence Miles
1951 – 1953 / Bill Veeck
1948 – 1951 / Bill DeWitt
1945 – 1948 / Richard Muckerman
1936 – 1945 / Donald Lee Barnes
1915 – 1933 / Phil Ball
1902 – 1915 / Robert Hedges
1894 – 1902 / Henry Killilea
1 Earl Weaver
5 Brooks Robinson
8 Cal Ripken, Jr.
20 Frank Robinson
22 Jim Palmer
33 Eddie Murray
42 Jackie Robinson
1979 – Present / The Oriole Bird
*Blue is this team’s history