In 1993, Swoopes won the NCAA women’s basketball championship with the Texas Tech Lady Raiders during her senior season. Her jersey was retired by the school the following year, making her one of only three Lady Raiders to be honored in this way. The others are Carolyn Thompson and Krista Kirkland, Swoopes’ teammate from the 1993 championship team.
As of 2010, Swoopes was still a part of the women’s basketball record books in many categories, including single-game scoring record (53 points on March 13, 1993, vs. Texas, tied for tenth place), single-season scoring (955 points in the 1993 season, fourth place), highest championship tournament scoring average (35.4 in the 1993 tournament, second place), best single-game championship scoring performance (47 points vs. Ohio State, 1993 championship), which broke Bill Walton’s record, and scoring record for championship series (177 points, five games). She set the record for the most field goals in the championship game with 16.
Swoopes also set several school records at Texas Tech. She scored 0 points in the 1992–93 season, which is an all-time scoring record for a single season (as of 2006). Swoopes’ 24.9 points-per-game average for her career is the best in school history; she also boasts zero triple-doubles and 23 double-doubles, 14 of which came during her senior year.
Swoopes was the 1993 winner of the Naismith College Player of the Year award, the Honda Sports Award, was selected as that year’s WBCA Player of the Year, and was chosen to the Division I All-American squad in both 1992 and 1993. Swoopes was named the 1993 Sportswoman of the Year (in the team category) by the Women’s Sports Foundation.
The 1993 NCAA Division I Women’s Basketball Tournament began on March 17 and ended on April 4. The tournament featured 48 teams. The Final Four consisted of Ohio State, Iowa, Vanderbilt, and Texas Tech, with Texas Tech defeating Ohio State 84–82 to win its first NCAA title. Texas Tech’s Sheryl Swoopes was named the Most Outstanding Player of the tournament.
From 1932 until 1956, the university belonged to the Border Intercollegiate Athletic Association. Texas Tech was admitted to the Southwest Conference on May 12, 1956. When the Southwest Conference disbanded in 1995, Texas Tech, along with the University of Texas at Austin, Texas A&M University, and Baylor University, joined with all eight former members of the Big Eight Conference to form the Big 12 Conference.
The university’s athletic director is College Football Playoff committee representative Kirby Hocutt. Bob Knight, the most victorious coach in men’s Division I basketball history, coached the Red Raiders men’s basketball team from 2001 to 2008. Following Bob Knight’s retirement in 2008, his son Pat Knight assumed head coaching duties. The Red Raiders football team, which has been coached by Mike Leach from 2000 to 2009, is a member of the NCAA Football Bowl Subdivision and has appeared in the 19th-most bowl games of any team. Tommy Tuberville was named head coach in 2010 following the firing of Mike Leach and remained in the position until 2012 before resigning. He was replaced by former Texas Tech quarterback Kliff Kingsbury in 2013. In 1993, led by coach Marsha Sharp, the Lady Raiders basketball team won the NCAA Women’s Basketball Championship. Following Sharp’s retirement in 2006, Kristy Curry was named Lady Raiders head coach. Red Raiders baseball coach Larry Hays, who is one of only four coaches in NCAA baseball history to win 1,500 career games, retired in 2008.
College Sports Established
Texas Tech University
1973 – Present / NCAA Division 1
1925 – 1973 / University Division of the NCAA
1996 – Present / Big 12 Conference
1956 – 1996 / Southwest Conference
1932 – 1956 / Border Conference
1925 – 1932 / Independent
Red Raiders – The Red Raiders were originally known as the “Matadors” from 1925–1936. As the school was thinking of an appropriate nickname for its athletic teams in 1925, the wife of the first football coach suggested “Matadors” to reflect the influence of the campus’ Spanish Renaissance architecture. The students followed the suggestion, and later chose red and black as the school colors to represent a matador’s traditional garb. Coincidentally, the football team won its first game right after it had adopted the name. The nickname and school colors became official during a formal convocation on March 15, 1926.
There are two main stories as to how the name “Red Raiders” replaced its predecessor. In one story, football coach Pete Cawthon ordered attractive scarlet uniforms to help the team’s identity. The football team, wearing its new outfit, defeated heavily favored Loyola in Los Angeles on October 26, 1934. A Los Angeles sports writer called the Matadors a “red raiding team”. Other writers who covered Tech sports caught on with the term and successfully promoted the use of “Red Raiders”. In the other tale, former Lubbock Avalanche-Journal sports columnist Collier Parris, reporting on a 1932 Tech football game, wrote: “The Red Raiders from Texas Tech, terror of the Southwest this year, swooped into the New Mexico University camp today.” The name soon became popular afterward and by 1936, it officially replaced “Matadors” at the same time the Saddle Tramps came about.
Men’s Basketball 0
Women’s Basketball 1